Bankruptcy is a situation where you have drowned in debts. When you file for bankruptcy, credit report companies will report it and such will have adverse effects on your credit score. If you have a history of bankruptcy, chances are, you will not be able to get mortgages or other types of secured and unsecured loans. Bankruptcy histories will appear in your credit report for at least ten (10) years. As such, you ought to do everything to avoid bankruptcy.Stick to Your Budget PlanMake it a point to prepare a budget plan. Budget plans can be the most effective tool for personal finance management. Your budget should include all your expected expenses on a monthly basis. This plan should cover your rental fee or monthly house payment, all your utility bills, your car payment, your food expenses, your health insurance, your child’s tuition fee, and other pertinent bills that knock on your door on a monthly basis.Once you have prepared a monthly budget plan, make sure you stick to it. Never succumb to impulse buying. Spend only for the things you need, not for those you want but are not in your list of expected expenses. Also, make it a point to include allowance for unforeseen events, which may demand cash. These include expenses for home repairs, medical emergencies, and the like.When Buying Items, Always Shop AroundWhen you really need to buy something for yourself, make it a point to examine and exhaust all your choices before actually making a purchase. For example, you have decided that you need to buy a desktop computer for your child. You will have to shop around.Before buying one, make sure that you have examined the prices, specifications and product packages of desktop computers in your local stores and over the Internet. Shopping around when buying items ensure that you will get the most reasonable prices for the finest products.Examine Payment Options for DebtsIn cases when you realize that you are on your way to bankruptcy, you should take immediate steps to take care of all your debts. List down all your debts and learn to evaluate which among them should be prioritized. Settle your essential debts first and then gradually take care of the rest.In settling your debts, analyze your payment options. Contact the lender and ask how you can devise an effective payment plan. You can recommend loan agreement modifications, loan reinstatements, maturity date extensions, and a forbearance period.Analyze Your Debt to Income RatioAfter you have analyzed all your payment options, you might as well consider computing for your debt to income ratio. This will not only determine your financial capability, this will also tell you if you need to take extra steps to earn extra income.To compute for your debt to income ratio, list down all your expected monthly income such as your salary, your pension, and other possible financial sources. Then, list down all your expected expenses for every month. Include the details that you have listed in your budget plan, as well as the payments for your debts.Once you come up with the final figures, realize that if your debt is higher than your income then you should consider getting a different job, getting a part-time job, or significantly reducing your expenses by cutting down on unessential monthly luxuries.